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The Region's Only Industrial Health and Safety Magazine
The Region's Only Industrial Health and Safety Magazine
In April 2016, the 2016/425 Personal Protective Equipment Regulation was published, which has replaced the 89/686 / EEC Personal Protective Equipment Directive. The transition process has started on April 21, 2018, and the final adaptation date was April 2019. The old PPE Directive 89/686/EEC has been repealed as of 21 April 2019.
Regulation (EU) No 2016/425 is a rigorous control and balance system that will
ensure the safety of workers in the industry more confidently in the presence
of an increasingly global network of PPE manufacturers, distributors, importers
and test laboratories. The new regulation facilitates the removal of dangerous
products from the market by increasing traceability.
In the new
regulation, the risk categories remained the same, but some product groups were
of the risk category, all PPE must now contain a Declaration of Conformity.
validity period of product certificates has been clarified as only 5 years.
firefighting used in flame retardant clothings are manufactured from specially
designed glass fiber or glass fiber blends. Commonly known flame retardant
glass fiber is “aramid”. Aramid glass fibers are named according to their
chemical bonds as metaaramid and paraaramid.
retardant aramid glass fibers are produced by many companies. These aramid
fibers are released to the market in different brand names.
glass fibers have higher resistance and better flame retardant properties than
metaaramid glass fibers. These glass fibers in various brands and names show
Some aramid fiber manufacturers and their brand
names are shown below.
(DuPont – USA), Conex® (Teijin – Japan), Aramet®(Teijin – Japan), Kermel®(
Kermel Rhodia- France), New Star® ( Yantai Spantex- China)
(Teijin – Japan), Technora® (Teijin – Japan),
Arenka® (Akzo- Netherland), Kevlar® (DuPont – USA), ARTEC® (JSC
Kamenskvolokno – Russia)
Heat and flame
retardant clothes are manufactured from these aramid glass fibers or blends
which are manufactured with highly advanced technology. Performance of the
fabric is determined by the blend rate of the aramid used in the fabric. With
the determined performance properties, these fabrics can be used in various
areas as stated below.
priority is the risk of the environment. After making a proper risk analysis,
what type of fabric and what kind of garment to be used is determined and the protective
clothing types that can be chosen is as explained below according to the type
of the heat and flame and dangers of the environment. These garments can be produced
as single of multi layered according to the risks.
Structural Firefighting Suits
FYRPRO® series fireman suits are manufactured as per EN
469:2005 standard and certified as per (EU) 2016/425 PPE Regulation as a
requirement of Turkish and European Regulations.
series firefighting suits-Fireman Clothings are Multi-layered and specially
designed for the purposes which are more risky and dangerous. Protects against
flame and also prevents the contact of chemicals and water to the skin (thanks
to its moisture barrier that is breathable and has high penetration resistance).
used in firefighting are technical garments for professional purposes that need
to be used by trained individuals. For this reason, not only manufacturers but
also marketers must learn the technique and present it to end users.
Manufacturers should not content of what they have and must apply to the latest
versions of the standards and follow the innovations in their production.
in the firefighting departments, where these clothings has to be used, must be
selective in choosing these garments, that is because they are protective
equipment against fatal injuiries and examine the conformity of the related
Ltd releases technical firefighting suits to the market in the brand of FYRPRO
and aluminized fire proximity suits, which are used in different firefighting
techniques, in the brand of FYRAL.
469:2005, which is the standard or fireman suits, standard defines the lowest
limits of fire resistance of different heat types, and also includes the lowest
value of the suit against water pressure and highest resistance values against
water vapor permeance. They are categorized as Level 1 and Level 2 according to
these factors. Level 2 suits provides the best protection and maximum comfort.
purpose of fireman suits is the protection of the user against heat stress. This
is provided by using the high heat resistant layers and keeping the user dry.
The greatest fact in the firefighting “Water” is fatal if stays on the
water, transmits heat faster than air (21 times faster at 90 C), if the water
is vapor, this will be much faster. In
this respect, it is very important to preserve air spaces between layers used
in the fireman suits. For this reason, moisture barriers in layer system are
used. This barrier shows resistance to the water from outside and does not let
the water in, also evacuates the moisture from sweating through the micro
pores. Provides comfort and keeps the user dry.
suits are generally formed with 4 main layers.
– Outer layer (Fire retardant fabric
which is resistant against heat and mechanical effects, water repellent)
– Moisture Barrier (PU or PTFE membrane
laminated on aramid based conductor)
– Heat Barrier (Double or single
layered, generally non-woven fire retardant layers)
– Inner Liner (May be quilted on heat
barrier, low weight and comfortable fire retardant fabric)
different performance levels are described in EN 469:2005 standard; level 1 and
level 2. Level 2 suits provide higher protection than level 1 suits. Fireman
suits should be marked according to their performance levels. For instance, X2,
Y2, Z2 indicates level 2 suit or X2, Y2, Z1 indicates level 1 suit.
X defines the heat transfer level for flame and radiation.
Y defines the water penetration level.
Z defines the water vapor resistance level.
Following table shows related test methods and
requirements for level 1 and level 2.
FYRPRO® fireman suits should be inspected in
every six months, and after each use regardless of the last inspection date.
When performing a routine inspection for your fireman
suit check for any;
Shelf life of our fireman suits is 10 years under
the proper storage conditions in its own packaging. If any damage occurs, it is
recommended not to use the suit and to consult the fire fighting department or
your employer immediately.
FYRAL® Series fire proximity suits are professional
technical suits that are need to be used by trained individuals. They are used
in various firefighting techniques other than special designed FYRPRO® series
structural firefighting suits. Employee must decide which firefighting suit
should be used after making the risk analysis in case of fire.
series expert fireman suits – Aluminized fire proximity suits: They are used in
the most dangerous fire zones. Protects entire human body including head,
hands, eyes and feet by covering entirely. It is produced as multi layered. Aluminized
outershell fabrics are used to reflect the radiant heat in the areas where the
radiant heat occurs.
series fire proximity suits are manufactured as per EN 1486:2007 standard and
certified as per (EU) 2016/425 PPE Regulation. Basically, the standard defines
the lowest heat resistant limits for different heat types.
series fire proximity suits which have EN 1486:2007 standard are used with self
contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) and aims to protect the user from heat
stress by reflecting radiant heat. For this reason, special aluminized fabric
is used as the outer layer which has pre property of reflecting the radiant
are formed with 3 or 4 main layers. Moisture barrier is optional and can be
added according to area of use.
series suits are delivered with special aluminized gloves and rubber fireman
boots in a special carrying bag. These complementary products must also conform
to their own standards and must be supplied as a complete set as the suits is
certified entirely with all accessories. In these kinds of suits, no body parts
remain uncovered and a head protective helmet and gold vaporized reflective
visor are included in the hood.
series heat and flame protective clothings are for industrial workers who
expose to heat. Area of use is briefly forest firefighting, working with oil
and gas which has risk of explosion at industry, welding and it is protective against
heat and flame, electrical arcs, molten metal splash and can also be used by
law enforcement forces. It is generally produced as single or double layered.
normal circumstances, a healthy body temperature is controlled by skin and
sweating mechanism. But, if the worker exposes to direct flame or high
temperatures for a long time, natural body mechanism may not stabilize the
heat. This may cause serious injuries. At industry and other working places,
according to area of work, workers are subject to various types of thermal
dangers such as direct exposure to the flame, radiant heat, convective heat,
molten metal and welding splashes, thermal dangers of electrical arc etc.
heat and flame retardant clothings are designed to provide protection against
these dangers mentioned above. Different European standards have been published
to define the performances of these protective clothings by European
Standardization Institutes. FYRTEX® series heat and flame protective clothings,
developed by IST Safety Ltd., are produced to satisfy the needs and
expectations in hazardous areas.
clothings certified under EN ISO 11612 standard, are categorized according to
below performance levels.
A: EN ISO 15025 – limited
flame spread (from 1 to 2)
B: ISO 9151 – Convective heat (from 1 to 3)
C: EN ISO 6942 – Radiant heat (from 1 to 4)
D: ISO 9185 – Molten Aluminium splash (from 1 to 3)
E: ISO 9185 – Molten Iron splash (from 1
F: ISO 12127 – Contact heat (from 1 to 3)
*D3 and E3
level are the highest protection levels for molten aluminium and iron splashes.
flash (also called a flashover) is the light and heat produced as part of an
arc fault, a type of electrical explosion or discharge that results from a
low-impedance connection through air to ground or another voltage phase in an
arc flash suits are certified EN 61482 standard and categorized Class 1 (tested against 4 kA) and Class 2 (tested against 7 kA). Class 2 is the highest level that can
be reached in order to enable protection against electric arc according to
the European standard.
arcs can produce the highest temperature on earth (10.000 – 20.000 oC).
This is four times hotter than the sun. All known materials melt at this
As a result
of arc flash, erupting gas and air can spread melted metal for long distances
and laud noise up to 140 dB can cause permanent hearing loss.
physical reaction in the progress of arc is pressure. Huge pressure about
1.400.000 kgf/m2 is pressurized on the chest of the individual who
exposed to the arc radiance and this may destruct the clothings. Arc radiance can ignite the
clothing within half or 1 meter away. If the clothing of the individual melts,
covered parts may cause worse burns than the naked body parts exposed.
result, electrical arc can generate energy in extremely dangerous levels, can
cause fatal burns. High majority of the ones who go to the hospital in case of
an electrical accident is not generally from electric shock, but electrical arc
accidents. High degree burns and deaths as the result of these accidents are
because of the ignition and burning of the clothing which are not fire
Who is at risk?
– PAPER AND
GENERATING PLANTS AND DISTRIBUTION COMPANIES
The Properties of Arc Flash Protective Suits
nylon, polyester, silk or blends of these fabrics must not be worn in hazardous
areas. In places where the risk of burning and flaming risk is present, suits
made of flame retardant fabrics must be used. Flame retardant fabrics are named
in two different classes by their heat insulation type.
cotton/polyester blend, cotton/polyamide blend fire retardant fabrics do not lose
their flame retardancy properties up to specific time of wash. These type of
Cotton FR treated fabrics are 50-100-150 times washable fabrics according to
the instructions of the manufacturer.
Inherently flame retardant fabrics:
fabrics which are made of glass fibers like Aramid (meta-aramid or para-aramid),
Viscose FR are inherently flame retardant. These fabrics do not lose their fire
retardancy properties even after many washes. However, they are two or three
times expensive than chemical finished (treated) fabrics.
1-1 and IEC 61482 1-2 standards have been published by IEC to define test
methods for the suits and materials used in arc flash suits which are for the
workers who are exposed to electrical arc.
1-1: is to measure the Arc Thermal
Performance Value (ATPV) of the layer system of the suit. 8 kA Electric arc is
applied in 120 degree angles from three different spots for 167 ms. Heat
increase values are recorded by a calorimeter behind the material. These values
are transferred on a table and a curved line is drawn. Test result must show
that %50 of these measured values must be below the mentioned values.
1-2( EN 61482 1-2): is published if the protection is provided or not against
heat produced by Electrical arc according to safety requirements for lowest and
highest levels defined in the standard for entire suits and fabric layers
system. Electrical arc is applied from
30 mm for 500 ms. Heat increase values are recorded by a calorimeter behind the
material. These values are transferred on a table and a curved line is drawn.
Burning: 5 seconds
be spotted on outer layer, max 0,5 cm is allowed for inner liner
transmission values: All measured values must be below stoll curve.
standards, the exposed energy value is set forth as 423kWs/m2.
However, IEC 61482-1-1 standard, which tests higher level of electrical arc,
must not be seen as a better test method than IEC 61482 1-2. Because IEC 61482
1-1 is applied in an open environment where arc energy spreads through the air
and also time of the exposure of the arc is lower than the other standard.
61482 1-2, for level 2 test is applied for 7 kA in a closed box where arc is
created and applied on the material, energy do not spreads. All energy directly
penetrates the material. Test result evaluation is more comprehensive and
longer electrical arc energy is applied. Consequently, IEC 61482 1-2 standard
require more criteria than IEC 61482-1-1 certification and conforming the
standard conditions are more difficult.
on the protective clothing is an important part of product safety under the (EU)
2016/425 PPE Regulation. Product label is crucial for personal protective
equipments and protective clothings. It is the identity card of the product that
accuracy of the information on the label is jointly the responsibility of the
manufacturer and the seller/distributor. In terms of market control, end users
and authorized institutions and organizations are obliged to check the accuracy
of the product and its label.
What information should be on the label?
• Trade name
and address of the manufacturer
content (content and blends of fabrics in the whole layer system if it is multi-layered)
including registered brands.
• Brand name,
model, stock code (P/N) information of the product
standard for which the product is certified and standard performance values
code number of the independent notified body that certifies the product
related to product standard and washing instructions
the certificate and label of the product you purchase is necessary for you to
use the right product.
Doruk TURKUCAR, IST Safety Ltd, Export Manager HSE Professional.
Since 1979, we produce equipments for; OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY, FIRST AID & CIVIL DEFENSE and FIRE & CBRN & PERSONAL PROTECTION.
Our headquarters and factory are located in Ankara. With our network of distributors spread all over the country and worldwide we distribute our best and high quality service to customers in the shortest time. Our company has TS EN ISO 9001 Quality Certificate. All our products are certified according to international standards. With the high quality products we manufacture, our export sales increase day by day.
Generatıon Emergency Showers and Eye/F...
A Press Release by IST
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